Cervical Cancer – Women in Australia successfully reduce risk through HPV VaccineChris Middlebrooks (Author) Published Date : May 02, 2015 19:55 IST
Women in Australia have succeeded in reducing the risk of cervical cancer by accepting the HPV vaccination. According to data obtained from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, in women aged below 24 years, detection of the disease has shown a downward trend. The data shows further that while 682 cases of cervical cancer were detected in 2011, in 2012 some 143 women lost their lives due to this disease. These numbers translate to about 10 cases of cervical cancer and only 2 deaths attributable to cervical cancer per year for every100, 000 women.
Reports also suggest that the reduction in deaths due to cervical cancer was achieved after introduction of the National Cervical Screening Program or NCSP between 1991 and 2002. The data further revealed that participation increased between 2012 and 2013 with over 3.8 million women participating in the NCSP.
An AIHW spokesperson, Justin Harvey further revealed that in females aged below 20 years and those between 20 and 24, detection of grade abnormalities during 2013 was at historically low levels.
Harvey further added that the introduction of the vaccination program in schools during 2007 for young girls and its extension later to teenage boys was largely responsible for the reduction in incidences that has been achieved.
Medical experts too believe that regular screening and vaccination can prevent the disease since the precancerous stages are reflected in most cervical cancers and this could last several years before becoming an invasive disease. Early detection through regular screening allows doctors to commence treatment early and save the individual s life.
Although Cervical cancer is among the more common types of cancer that afflict women, due to the invasive nature of the test, many women avoid taking the test which is known as the Pap smear test.
According to a previous report, over 8 million women in America skipped the test over the last 5 years. The CDC earlier reported that only a small percentage of women from varying ethnic backgrounds like Asians, American Indian, Pacific Islanders and Alaskan Natives took the test. The report further highlighted that over 4,500 lives could be saved with the help of the Papp test every year.
Medical experts opine that all women in the age group 18-70 should take a Pap test once every two years.
Cervical Cancer – Women in Australia successfully reduce risk through HPV Vaccine