Researchers Develop Tool That Smells Prostate Cancer in UrineCraig Dalton (Author) Published Date : Feb 12, 2016 17:40 IST
Close to 28,000 American men died in 2015 from prostate cancer and to date, there is no non-invasive, effective test for diagnosing cancer.
However, now researchers in Britain have developed a diagnostic tool that is non-invasive and can smell cancer in the urine of men.
The test might offer some hope for the men who are African-American or have a history in the family of prostate cancer, which are two groups that are thought to be a higher risk of developing the disease, says data released by the National Cancer Institute.
The device that reads odor is known as a gas chromatography sensor that identifies the different patterns with its electronic nose of compounds in a male s urine that are linked to urological cancers.
Urine samples are put into the device, and an algorithm then runs and can detect cancer.
A sensor and material sciences professor in England Norman Ratcliffe said the prostate gland is positioned very near the bladder and gives the profile of urine a different algorithm if cancer is present in the male.
In a just-published study on Thursday, Ratcliffe and another group of researchers based at the University of Liverpool tested the device with 155 men at different urology clinics.
The results according to the study showed that 58 men were given a diagnosis of prostate cancer, 24 received a diagnosis of bladder cancer, and another 73 were given a diagnosis of poor stream or hematuria without any cancer.
Researchers found the test to be successful at detecting compound patterns that are associated with cancer.
A urologist consultant in North Bristol, England who did not have any involvement with the study said in a separate statement that if the test is successful in a full clinical trial it will revolutionize diagnostics.
Researchers Develop Tool That Smells Prostate Cancer in Urine